Tuval (Tubal), Tuval Kayin (Tubal-Cain)

תובל/תובל קין

Genesis 10:2 et al; reckoned by most scholars to be the Tibareni of Asia Minor, neighbours of the Moschi, or Meshech (מֶ֤שֶׁךְ) according to Ezekiel 32:26.

See also Tuval-Kayin (תובל קין), which we can reckon to be the same people, but with this as their full, or perhaps their later name (I think most likely the latter, because Kayin was not himself obviously of Anatolian origins; so likely a marriage or a tribal merger.)

In Greek Tuval = Tabali = Tibareni, Anatolian tribesmen described by Herodotus as neighbours of the iron-working Chalybes; and Tuval Kayin is said to be the ancestor of metal-workers.

If Kayin is to be considered as the founder of the Keynim (Kenite) tribe, Tuval-Kayin may reasonably be considered as an off-shoot of that tribe. As with his half-brothers, the explanation of the name as founder of brass and iron smithing seems to be popular folk-lore rather than etymology - and as such much more credible.

Genesis 4:22: "As for Tsilah (
צִלָּה), she also gave birth to Tuval-Kayin, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tuval-Kayin was Na'amah."

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