Genesis 46:16: the eldest son of Gad, his siblings were Chagi (חגי), Shuni (שוני), Etsvon (אצבן), Eri (ערי), Arodi (ארודי) and Areli (אראלי),
Presumably from the root Tsaphon (צפון) = "north".
Numbers 26:15 gives the name as Tsephon (צפון).
But there are obvious links too to Yoseph's Mitsri (Egyptian) name of Tsaphnat Paneyach (צפנת פענח), and also to Tsepho (צפו) = "astronomical observer".
The town of Tsaphon (צפון) is mentioned in Joshua 13:27 as being part of the tribal hegemony of Gad, taken over from Sichon (סיחון), the Amorite king of Cheshbon (חֶשְׁבּוֹן), on the eastern shores of the sea of Genasseret (Kinneret/Sea of Galilee).
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