Genesis 10:27 names him as a son of Yaktan (יָקְטָן), sixth in line of descent from No'ach, in the family of Shem. His elder siblings were Almodad (אַלְמוֹדָד), Shaleph (שָׁלֶף), Chatsar-Mavet (חֲצַרְמָוֶת) and Yarach (יָרַח), his younger siblings and Uzal (אוּזָל), Diklah (דִּקְלָה), Oval (עוֹבָל), Avi-Ma'el (אֲבִימָאֵל), Sheva (שְׁבָא), Ophir (אוֹפִר), Chavilah (חֲוִילָה), and Yovav (יוֹבָב). "Their dwelling was from Mesha, as you go toward Sephar, as far as the mountain of the east." Once again thirteen sons, so we can assume one is an error; which one? Yarach is clearly a variation of Yerach = moon; my guess is Chatsar-Mavet, who will turn out to be the god of the underworld. Let's see...
1 Chronicles 1:21 gives the same list, save only that it has Eyval (עֵיבָל) for Oval.
1 Chronicles 18:10 has a Hadoram who is the son of To'u (תֹּעוּ), king of Chamat (חֲמָת), sent by his father with presents to King David, to thank him for defeating their shared enemy Chadad-Ezer (הֲדַדְעֶזֶר ) of Tsovah (צוֹבָה).
2 Samuel 8:9/10 tells the same tale, but has Yoram (יוֹרָם) who is the son of To'i (תֹּעִי), king of Chamat. Which is correct? Generally Chronicles is less reliable on matters connected with the southern kingdom, as this is, but it may just be a dialect variation.
2 Chronicles 10:18 has a Hadoram, sent by Rechav-Am (Rehoboam) to impose the king's will on a rebellious people; the people stone him to death, which becomes the pretext for Yerav-Am (Jeroboam) to lead them in civil war and split the kingdom.
1 Kings 12:18 tells the same tale, but has Adoram (אֲדֹרָם) rather than Hadoram.
Gesenius offers some classical texts that refer to Hadoram, suggesting its precise geographical location in Arabia Felix.
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